MR USMAN SALIU.

Governing and a leading a people is a very delicate issue. When the people are knowledgeable, administering their affairs is less cumbersome compared to when the people are ignorant

Government is the study of the decision making process of a country. It is a group of people that controls the affairs of a state. Most societies in the World are modern societies with a well-structured form of government. A country must have rules and regulations that control the behaviors of its
citizens. This is very important because in the absence of laws man is worse than animals. It is the laws that separate man from animals.

Government as a course of study is important to students because it helps them to understand the workings of the government of their country. The
students will know how laws are made. How laws are executed and how disputes are settled. Government students would know their rights and the rights of other citizens. They would know that it is where their right ends that another man`s right
starts.

When someone’s right is breached, it is not good to take laws into ones hands but rather to seek redress in a competent court. The entire processes of crime reporting are known by government students. A society where laws are not working, life is brutish and short.

Modern societies are democratic. Government students are well acquitted with the dictates of democracy. Democracy is a system of government that
emphasizes the participation of the people in governance. Democracy cannot function properly if thecitizens are not politically aware of what to do. Take for instance in Nigeria where elections are held every four years, and the citizens refuse to come out and vote, elections cannot take place when citizens refuse to cast their votes.

As citizens have rights, so also they have duties that they are expected to perform to the state. For instance, citizens should know that they should not
leak state secret to people. This is called treason and in Nigeria it is punishable by death. Citizens should obey constituted authorities. Citizens should also obey traffic light.

The knowledge of government helps students to know how resources are allocated in their country. Who gets what and how? In Nigeria, many formulas
are used in the sharing of resources amongst the 36 components states. Governing and a leading a people is a very delicate issue. When the people are knowledgeable, administering their affairs is less cumbersome compared to when the people are ignorant. Government as a course of study helps the citizens to acquire knowledge that would make the governing of a society easy. The study of government will make the students to develop a highly inquisitive, balanced, logical and philosophical mind. This will aroused the interests and curiosity of the students in the activities of government thereby preventing the emergence of tyranny and dictatorship. Knowledge of government will put the students in a position to defend their fundamental human rights when violated.

Finally, the knowledge students gain from studying government as an academic field of study inculcate the spirit of patriotism and nationalism in
them.